Hello Respected Researchers and HR managers, In this section we will discuss about “Group-Definition, Benefits and Classifications“. It is very much important for a Researcher as well as HR Concern person/ manager to know the definition of Group with Benefits and Classifications. If researcher or HR Manager could follow the Points accordingly,it would easier to reach the goal. Let’s have a look…
A group is defined as two or more people working together to achieve common goals. Groups are formed for a number of reasons, and are a ubiquitous part of our work and non-work activities. Typically group size in the workplace ranges from three to twenty people.
⊕ Benefits of Group:
We benefit in a number of ways from joining groups:
(1). Security: people who are part of a group generally feel more secure about their behavior. They have fewer doubts, and are more resistant to threats when they are part of a group.
(2). Status: inclusion in a group is viewed as important by others and it provides recognition and status for its members.
(3). Self-Esteem: people often feel more confident and have increased self-worth as a result of participation in a group.
(4). Affiliation: Groups can fulfill social needs. People enjoy the interaction that comes with group membership, and often it is their primary source of satisfaction for their affiliation needs.
(5). Power: the ‘power in numbers’ philosophy supports this finding, that groups can often achieve more.
(6). Goal Achievement: Often, in order to achieve specific goals various talents must be pooled together. It not only facilitates completion of a job but increases the quality of the output.
⊕ Classification of Group:
Groups can be either formal or informal.
- Formal Group: Formal groups are defined by the organization’s structure, with designated work assignments establishing tasks. In formal groups, the behaviors that one should engage in are stipulated by & directed toward organizational goals.
1.1. Command group: A command group is determined by the organization chart. It is composed of the subordinates who report directly to a given manager.
1.2. Task group: Task groups represent those working together to complete a job task.
- Informal Group: Informal groups are alliances that are neither formally structured nor organizationally determined. These groups are natural formations in the work environment that appear in response to the need for social contact.
2.1. Interest group: It is consist of those who are working together to attain a specific objective with which each is concerned.
2.2. Friendship Group: Groups often develop because the individual members have one or more common characteristics. These formations are known as friendship group.
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