Motivation-Definition and Process of Motivation

Hello Respected Researchers and HR managers, In this section we will discuss about “Motivation-Definition and Process of Motivation“. It is very much important for a Researcher as well as HR Concern person/ manager to know the definition of Motivation and it’s Process of Motivation. If researcher or HR Manager could follow the Points accordingly,it would easier to reach the goal. Let’s have a look…



Motivation is a psychological characteristic that contributes to a person’s degree of commitment. It includes the facts that cause, channel and sustain human behaviour in a particular committed direction. However, the term motivation has been defined by authors in any ways.

“Motivation may be defined as the state of an individual’s perspective which represents the strength of his or her propensity to exert effort toward some particular behaviour” – Gibson

“Motivation is a cyclical process affecting the inner needs or drives that energize, channel, and maintain behaviour” – Steers and Lyman.

The Motivation Process:

Inner Drives, Needs or Motives, Behavior or Action, Goals, Satisfaction, Reinforcement, Motivation Process

 The motivation process may be represented which begins with inner drives and needs that motivate the individual to work towards begins with inner drives and needs that motivate the individual to work towards certain goals, which the individual has chosen in the belief that those goals will satisfy the inner drives and needs. After attaining these goals, the individual consciously or unconsciously judges whether the effort has been worthwhile. As long as the individual perceives the effort as rewarding, the habit of making the effort is reinforced and the individual can be persuaded to continue or repeat that kind of effort. Reinforcement, or what happens as a result of behaviour, affects other needs and drives as the process is repeated.

 Employee motivation is of crucial concern to management, mainly because of the role that employee motivation plays in performance. Basically, performance is determined by (i) ability, (ii) environment and (iii) motivation. If any of these three factors is missing or deficient, effective performance is impossible. A manager may have the most highly qualified employees under him and provide them with the best possible environment, but effective performance will not result unless the subrodinates are motivated to perform.


There may be some more documents on Motivation-Definition and Process of Motivation, this article is written by taking the help from Internet and other resources like Books, journals etc.


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