How can the enterprise deal with such deviant employees? Different authors emphasis various approaches. In this section we will discuss different type of approaches to discipline. Some times it is also called philosophies to discipline.
♦ Positive vs. Negative Approach : Beach distinguishes between negative and positive approaches. He states that those in charge may rule with an iron hand, punish rule violators severely and in general force the members to obey and conform. This mode of leadership has been variously called negative discipline, punitive discipline, autocratic discipline or rule through fear.
♦ The Preventive Approach : This emphasizes prior analysis of employees, their work situations and probable relationships with supervisors to make sure that the match between job and employee is right. This is specifically done through strict screening at the recruitment and selection level.
♦ The Therapeutic Technique : When the preventive approach does not apply, counselling employees to let them know they are ineffective and to suggest how they might improve is in order. Many employees respond to this approach.
♦ The Self Improvement Programme : A variation of the therapeutic technique is for the supervisor to first document the employees’ ineffectiveness and then encourage them to design a self-improvement program. This puts the emphasis where it belongs: on the employees, improving their performance with the supervisor’s counsel and help.
♦ The Punitive Approach : When none of these methods works, corrective discipline is the last resort. These methods vary from warnings and oral reprimands to discharge or termination.
The above all approaches are discussed different way in different books and blogs.