To answer the question no:2 that is about the contribution field of Neuroinformatics, we will focus only the major point. There are lots of intersecting point or contribution field for Neuroinformatics. Let’s see the main focuses-
Neuroscience research has made its greatest assistance to the study of cognitive development by enlightening apparatuses (providing a “how”) that motivate behavioral explanations made earlier by psychologists. It has also made important influences to our understanding of reasoning development by representing that the brain is far more malleable at all ages than previously thought—and thus that the speed and extent by which experience and behavior can shape the brain is greater than almost anyone imagined. In other words, rather than screening that biology is destiny, neuroscience research has been at the vanguard of demonstrating the powerful role of experience throughout life. Besides the surprising indication of the remarkable extent of experience-induced plasticity, rarely has neuroscience given us previously unknown visions into cognitive development, but neuroscience does offer promise of being able to detect some problems before they are behaviorally observable.
There are three main directions where neuroinformatic has to be applied:
- the development of tools and databases for organization and distribution of neuroscience data at all levels of analysis,
- the development of tools for examining and demonstrating neuroscience data,
- the development of computational models of the nervous system and neural processes.
If any body feel interest to know more about this, he/she could google it.